Museum of fortification – Artillery fortification HŮRKA
is a unique military-historical monument. It is one of Czechoslovakian’s five big fortifications, which were structurally completed until the so called Sudeten Crisis in September 1938. HURKA consists of five mighty bastions, which are connected by an extended (total length 1.75 km) system of tunnels and caverns deep inside the hill. These are two sophisticated designed infantry blocks, one artillery casemate, one artillery block with projected retractable gun turret and the entrance block. The infantry blocks and especially the artillery casemate served during the German occupation in the times of WW II as targets for the testing of various weapon systems. The combat blocks of the fortification HURKA were also used as test objects for the development of one secret weapon of the 3rd Reich – of so called Röchling concrete piercing grenades. The well preserved underground infrastructure of the fortification contained everything the garrison of more than 400 carefully selected and specially trained soldiers needed to accomplish their combat task during the expected period of a couple of weeks. The visitors can see some rare exposition pieces: a big armored gate in the entrance block, the fully operational sloping ramp lift and the electric locomotive with cargo wagons of the narrow gauge railway (from the fifties of the last century). In the fortification HURKA the visitors will understand, how large-scaled and costly the Czechoslovakian defense plans were under the threat of Hitler’s aggression. The fortification HURKA is in the same state, as it was in May 2008 when given over from the Army of the Czech Republic to the town of Králíky. There are various exhibitions and installations planned in the underground caverns.